As part of the European Green Deal, with the European Climate Law, the EU has set itself a binding target of achieving climate neutrality by 2050. In this context, the Hydrogen Strategy provided the guidelines and actions on how to kick-start the Hydrogen Economy. The economic recovery plan, ‘Next Generation EU’, and creation of the ‘European Clean Hydrogen Alliance’ highlights hydrogen as an investment priority to boost economic growth, create local jobs and, with the emergence of a hydrogen value chain, serve a multitude of industrial sectors.
Therefore, there is an interest from stakeholders and policy makers to understand where the initial supply and demand centres – so called hydrogen valleys – will emerge and how they can be connected to transport hydrogen from areas with large production potential to demand centres located possibly in other Member States via an EU-wide logistical infrastructure.
The hydrogen project visualisation platform is based on open-source data and intends to provide a comprehensive overview of current hydrogen projects along the whole value chain – from production, via transmission and distribution to end-use. It shows where the first hydrogen valleys could emerge and how they can be connected via retrofitted and repurposed pipelines based on planned and ongoing hydrogen projects collected. The visualisation platform also indicates the growth of hydrogen capacities on production, transmission and distribution and end use sides.
On the transmission and distribution side, gas TSOs are already engaged in several innovative decarbonisation projects, including hydrogen projects. You can find the detailed information on each project on ENTSOG’s Innovative Projects Platform.
Types of hydrogen projects
Retrofitting/repurposing existing infrastructure projects – retrofitting is an upgrade of existing infrastructure that allows the injection of certain amounts of hydrogen into a natural gas stream (blending) while repurposing is converting an existing natural gas pipeline into a dedicated hydrogen pipeline
Hydrogen at end-use projects – including projects where hydrogen is used in end-use applications (industry, buildings, mobility, and other)
Integrated hydrogen projects – including projects encompassing the whole value-chain (hydrogen production, transport and end-use)
Hydrogen production projects – including renewable and low-carbon hydrogen production
Hydrogen storage projects – including salt caverns, aquifers and depleted reservoirs
Newly built hydrogen infrastructure projects – including newly built infrastructure for transporting hydrogen
- Study – refers to theoretical study project, where the deliverable is a document or a report
- Project (R&D) – refers to project being tested onsite or at the lab.
- Project (Pilot) – refers to demonstration project running onsite with expected decommissioning after the objectives have been achieved
- Project – refers to project that will continue its operation as part of the development of a Hydrogen economy